Overview

History

Electric cars were popular from the middle of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century. The use of electric cars subsided for a long period of time due to the following development of internal combustion engines. The energy crisis in years 1970-80, however, provoked again a discussion for the use of electric cars. Now it is time for action, also in Estonia.

Price

 

The price of an electric car considerably exceeds the price of a car with an ordinary internal combustion engine. The reason for the high price is a high-tech battery forming 40-50% of the cost of the car.

Lower ownership costs

 

Ownership costs of the EVs are much lower, as the engine of an electric car fewer moving/wearing parts compared to an ordinary car.

Plus it's cheaper to drive!

 

Comparison

 low energy and driving costs (ca 15-20 kWh/100 km, i.e. about 1,5-2 €/100 km)

Pro

Contra

low energy and driving costs (15-25 kWh/100 km, i.e. about 1,5-2 €/100 km)

Charging of the batteries takes time - fast charging ca 30km, slow charging 8-10km

Very quiet and comfortable

Range 60-180km (depends on model)

 

No emissions when drivenHigher upfront price
No gearbox = "automatic" gear change, easy to drive and maintain

Battery capacity degrades over time (80% after 5 years)

Regenerative braking  
Additional bonuses (free parking in Tallinn, Tartu, Pärnu)  

 

  • 1882

    The first powerstation was constructed in the world

  • 1902

    The first mass production line of cars was opened. Oldsmobile, Michigan

  • 1970

    The first lithium-ion battery was developed. Binghamton University

  • 1980

    The first wind park producing renewable energy started operation. New Hampshire

  • 2012

    Estonia is the first country in the world constructing a charging network of electric cars